Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI)
This is often the next step when ovulation induction has not been successful. This treatment involves the use of drugs for follicular stimulation and ovulation induction. When ovulation has occurred a sperm sample is carefully washed and a portion of it is inserted into the uterus through the cervix. The cycle is monitored with ultrasound scans and blood tests to check the hormone levels.
Some men are unable to manufacture sperm and their only option is the use of donated sperm. All sperm donors are screened very carefully, taking into account their family and medical history. Tests carried out include HIV, hepatitis, cystic fibrosis and blood group. The sperm is then quarantined and the screening tests are repeated after six months. The donor sperm is only used if the repeat tests are negative.
Intra-uterine insemination with donor sperm, known as IUID, is therefore a treatment option for some couples. Sperm donation can raise many complex issues and couples contemplating such treatment receive specific counselling so that the implications can be fully explored.